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Additional Sources

Online Sources:

Scholarly/Critical Commentary (.pdf’s):

I find that most scholarly material isn’t necessarily helpful in the rehearsal room. However, some of what you find here (and on your own) may be of interest, and perhaps, live on in your subconscious. So, peruse at your leisure, if you so choose.

From Macbeth: A Norton Critical Edition ed. Robert S. Miola:

Jacobi, Derek. “Macbeth”

Derek Jacobi’s account of his experience taking on the role of Macbeth.

Muir, Kenneth. “Image and Symbol in Macbeth”

A detailed catalogue of the key images in Macbeth, presented clearly and with a neutral stance towards their importance and relevance.

Orgel, Stephen. “Macbeth and the Antic Round”

A thorough, detailed analysis of Macbeth, focusing on the witches but expanding to address gender, history, and some character analysis of Lady Macbeth and Macduff.

Other Sources:

Other Helpful Resources

Shakespeare and MACBETH: A Critical Bibliography

  • Alden, Raymond Macdonald. Master Spirits of Literature: Shakespeare. New York: Duffield & Company, 1922
  • Aristotle. Poetics. Ann Arbor, The University of Michigan Press, 1970.
  • Arnold, Morris LeRoy. The Soliloquies of Shakespeare: A Study in Technic. New York: Columbia University Press, 1911.
  • Asimov, Isaac.  Asimov’s Guide to Shakespeare, Volume One.  New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1970.
  • Barton, John.  Playing Shakespeare. New York: Methuen, 1984.
  • Bedford/St. Martin’s, The Meyer Literature site. 16 Dec. 2009. < glossary_a.htm>.
  • Bloom, Harold. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human. New York: Riverhead Books, 1999.
  • Barton, John. Playing Shakespeare: An Actor’s Guide. New York: Anchor Books, 2001
  • Bradbrook, M.C. Elizabethan Stage Conditions: A Study of Their Place in the Interpretation of Shakespeare’s Plays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
  • Bradley, A. C. Shakespearean Tragedy. London: MacMillan and Co., Limited, 1919.
  • Brandes, George. William Shakespeare: A Critical Study. Vol. 2. London: William Heinemann, 1898.
  • Brockett, Oscar G., and Franklin J. Hildy. History of the Theatre (10th Edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2007.
  • Brown, John Russell, ed. Focus on Macbeth. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.
  • Brown, John Russell. Shakespeare’s Plays in Performance. 3rd ed. New York: Applause Books, 1993.
  • Braunmuller, A.R., ed. The New Cambridge Shakespeare: Macbeth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • Chambers, E.K.  Shakespeare: A Survey.  London: Sidgewick & Jackson, 1963.
  • Clemen, Wolfgang. English Tragedy Before Shakespeare: The Development of Dramatic Speech. London: Methuen & Co Ltd, 1955.
  • Clemen, Wolfgang. Shakespeare’s Soliloquies. London: Methuen & Co Ltd, 1987.
  • Coleridge, Samuel T. Shakespeare and Milton. London: Chapman and Hall, 1856.
  • Coleridge, Samuel T. Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Dramatists. Edinburgh: John Grant, 1905.
  • Crowl, Samuel. Shakespeare Observed: Studies in Performance on Stage and Screen. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1992.
  • Cunningham, J.V. Woe or Wonder: The Emotional Effect of Shakespearean Tragedy. Denver: The University of Denver Press, 1951.
  • Dessen, Alan C. Elizabethan Drama and the Viewer’s Eye. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1977.
  • Dobson, Michael, ed. Performing Shakespeare’s Tragedies Today – The Actor’s Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
  • Dowden, Edward. Shakspere: A Critical Study of His Mind and Art. London: C. Kegan Paul & Co., 1879.
  • Dymkowski, Christine. Harley Granville Barker: A Preface to Modern Shakespeare. Washington: Folger Books, 1986.
  • Evans, Ifor.  The Language of Shakespeare’s Plays. London: Methuen & Co. Litd., 1959.
  • French, Marilyn.  Shakespeare’s Division of Experience. New York: Ballantine Books, 1983.
  • Fischlin, Daniel, and Mark Fortier, eds. Adaptations of Shakespeare. London: Routledge, 2000.
  • Granville-Barker, Harley, and G. B. Harrison, eds. A Companion to Shakespeare Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964.
  • Granville-Barker, Harley. More Prefaces to Shakespeare. Vol. 6. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.
  • Halliday, F.W.  A Shakespeare Companion.  Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1964. 25
  • Hazlitt, William. Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays. London: Taylor and Kessey,
  • Honigmann, E.A.J. Shakespeare: Seven Tragedies Revisited: The Dramatist’s Manipulation of Response. New York: Palgrave, 2002.
  • Howard, Jean E. “Shakespeare, Geography, and the Work of Genre on the Early Modern Stage.” Modern Language Quarterly 64:3 (2003) 299-322.
  • Howard, Jean E. Shakespeare’s Art of Orchestration: Stage Technique and Audience Response. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1984.
  • Howard, Jean. “Shakespearean Counterpoint: Stage Technique and the Interaction between Play and Audience.” Shakespeare Quarterly 30:3 (1979) 343-357.
  • Ide, Richard S. “The Theatre of the Mind: An Essay on Macbeth.” ELH 42.3 (1975) 338-361.
  • Johnson, Samuel. Johnson on Shakespeare. London: Henry Frowde, 1908.
  • Kattwinkel, Susan, ed. Elizabethan Performance in North American Spaces. Theatre Symposium Series. Vol. 12. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2004.
  • Khanna, Urmilla. The Tragic Hero in Shakespeare: The Dramatic Significance of His Isolation. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1974.
  • King, Kimball. Western Drama Through the Ages. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007.
  • Kliman, Bernice W. Shakespeare in Performance: Macbeth. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.
  • Knight, G. Wilson. The Wheel of Fire: Interpretations of Shakespearian Tragedy. London: Routledge, 1989.
  • Leggatt, Alexander, ed. William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, 2006.
  • Lucas, Frank Laurence. Tragedy in Relation to Aristotle’s Poetics. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1928.
  • Masefield, John. William Shakespeare. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911.
  • Maxwell, J.C. Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama: Critical Essays by Peter Ure. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1974.
  • Macbeth. Dir. Trevor Nunn. Perf. Ian McKellen, Judi Dench. Thames Shakespeare Collection, 1978.
  • Muir, Kenneth, and S. Schoenbaum, eds. A New Companion to Shakespeare Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.
  • Papp, Joseph and Elizabeth Kirkland.  Shakespeare Alive!  New York: Bantam Books, 1988.
  • Rappaport, Gideon. Some Special Uses of the Soliloquy in Shakespeare. Diss. Brandeis University, 1979. Waltham: UMI, 1979. 7923724.
  • Reid, Robert Lanier. Shakespeare’s Tragic Form: Spirit in the Wheel. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, Inc. 2000.
  • Rosen, William R. Shakespeare and the Craft of Tragedy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.
  • Russell, Edward J. The Shakespearean Soliloquy. Pittsfield: University of Ottawa,
  • Kenneth Muir. Cambridge University Press, 1969. Cambridge Collections Online. Cambridge University Press. 29 March 2009.
  • Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. The Arden Shakespeare. Ed. Kenneth Muir. 2nd ed. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd, 2006.
  • Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. A New Variorum Edition. Ed. Horace Howard Furness Jr. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1963.
  • Shea, James M. Convention and Invention: Soliloquy in Shakespearean Tragedy. Diss. University of Windsor, Ontario, 1963. Ontario: UMI, 1963. EC52517.
  • Smallwood, Robert, ed. Players of Shakespeare 4. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Smallwood, Robert, ed. Players of Shakespeare 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Styan, J.L. Shakespeare’s Stagecraft. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967.
  • Wells, Stanley and Sarah Stanton, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare on Stage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  • Wells, Stanley. Shakespeare, Sex and Love. UK: OUP Oxford, 2010.
  • Worster, David. “Performance Options and Pedagogy: Macbeth.” Shakespeare Quarterly 53.3 (2002) 362-378.
  • Zimmerman, James Frederic. Shakespeare’s Use of the Soliloquy Aside. Diss. The University of Chicago, 1929. Chicago: UMI, 1929. T231


  • Bodin, Jean. On the Demon-Mania of Witches. Toronto: Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 1995.
  • Briggs, K. M. Pale Hecate’s Team: An Examination of the Beliefs on Witchcraft and Magic among Shakespeare’s Contemporaries and His Immediate Successors. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1962.
  • Brownlow, Frank Walsh. Shakespeare, Harsnett, and the Devils of Denham. Newark: Delaware U.P, 1993.
  • Corbin, Peter, and Douglas Sedge. Three Jacobean Witchcraft Plays. 1986.
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara, and Deirdre English. Witches Midwives and Nurses: A History of Women Healers. Old Westbury, New York: Feminist Press, 1973.
  • Graves, Robert. The White Goddess. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1966.
  • Hole, Christina. Witchcraft in England. London: Batsford, 1945.
  • Institoris, Henricus. Malleus Maleficarum. Trans. Rev. Montague Summers. London: Pushkin Press, 1951.
  • James I, King of England. Daemonologie. London: Curwen Press, 1924 [1597].
  • Levack, Brian P. The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe. London and New York: Longman, 1987.
  • MacFarlane, Alan. Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1940.
  • Middleton, Thomas. A Critical Edition of Thomas Middleton’s the Witch. Ed Edward J. Esche. New York: Garland Pub, 1993.
  • Notestein, Wallace. A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718. New York: Russell & Russell, 1965.
  • Orgel, Stephen. “Shakespeare and the Cannibals.” Cannibals, Witches and Divorce: Estranging the Renaissance. Ed. Marjorie Garber. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.
  • Russell, Jeffrey B. Witchcraft in the Middle Ages. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1972.
  • Scot, Reginald. The Discoverie of Witchcraft. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1964 [1584].
  • West, Robert Hunter. Reginald Scot and Renaissance Writings on Witchcraft. Boston: Twayne, 1984.
  • Weyer, Johann. Witches, Devils, and Doctors in the Renaissance. Binghamton, N.Y: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1991.

General Shakespeare Resource Sites

Shakespeare Store
The Poor Yorick Shakespeare Catalogue –